How To Treat Acne – An Overview

Acne is a term that includes clogged pores, pimples and lumps or cysts that occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms. It occurs mostly in teenagers between the ages of 12 and 17, but can occur at any age. This condition has many variations and is non life threatening, but the more severe cases of acne can be disfiguring, leaving permanent scars on the affected areas.

The lesions which acne causes are described in five ways: comedos, papule, pustule, nodule and cyst. These terms denote the range or severity. Comedo, also known as blackheads and whiteheads, are at one end of the scale and nodules or cysts at the other.

Usually, the mild cases are cleared up with over-the-counter treatments. Although acne affects girls and boys equally, there are some distinctions. Young men are more likely to have severe, long-term acne while women can have reoccurring or intermittent acne well into adulthood, due to hormonal changes and cosmetics.

Despite the amount of information available about acne, there are many myths that confuse those who suffer from the condition. Rather than finding solutions and treatments to alleviate the symptoms, problems are often compounded by ill-advised treatments based on these myths. Some treatments based on these myths actually do more harm than good.

Let’s begin by taking a look at the myths.

Myth #1: Acne is caused by poor hygiene

Truth: It doesn’t matter how often you scrub your face or other areas affected by acne. In fact, a rigorous regimen of washing and scrubbing can actually irritate the skin and make the acne worse, not better.

Acne is not caused by poor hygiene. It doesn’t mean that hygiene isn’t important, but it’s not the cause. Good hygiene in conjunction with acne treatment products can help. Rather than frequent, harsh washing, it is generally recommended that you wash your face twice to three times a day with mild soap and then pat it dry – don’t scrub dry.
Myth #2: Acne is caused by diet

Truth:
Extensive scientific research has determined that there is no link between food and acne. However, each of us is individual, so if you find that you break out after eating a particular food, cut back on that food.
Myth #3: Acne is caused by stress

Truth:
Stress is not a direct cause of acne, but it is true that some types of stress can cause the body to produce a hormone called cortisol, which can irritate existing acne. Indirectly, some medication that we take to alleviate or control extreme stress or emotional problems like depression can be factors in the production of acne. In fact, some medicines have acne listed as a possible side effect.

Myth #4: Acne will go away on its own

This is generally not true. Acne needs treatment to be cured. There is a huge selection of acne treatment products available today, so try some and find what works for you. In some cases, a dermatologist should be consulted and other forms of treatment can be pursued.

Myth #5: Tanning clears up skin

Tanning has the reverse effect. It may have masked the acne, but in reality, the sun can make the skin dry and irritated, which can lead to more breakouts. If you do tan, make sure you are using a sunscreen that doesn’t contain oils and other chemicals that might clog up your pores and cause acne to get worse. Look for noncomedogenic or nonacnegenic sunscreen.

Myth #6: Popping Zits Will Make Them Go Away Faster

Instead of speeding up the process of healing, this action actually prolongs the situation as popping the whitehead caused the bacteria inside to be pushed deeper into the skin, which allows more infection to grow, and ultimately leads to scarring.

Myth #7: Only Teenagers get acne.

The truth is, about 25% – 30% of all people between the ages of 25- 44 have active acne.

For the Parents of Teens with Acne

Acne has affected all of us at one time or another. It can affect your child’s self image as well as their overall social life, and in severe cases can lead to depression and withdrawal.

Let your teenager know that you are available and that you are willing to help him or her with their acne. Talking about your own experiences may help them relate and quite possibly, give them a broader perspective on the condition. Even if they don’t want to talk about it, dealing with acne is one of their major concerns. Consequently, your teenager is trying everything he or she can to control it.

Talking with your teenager about acne can be difficult because they might be embarrassed by their appearance and would rather pretend it wasn’t an issue. The key is to be supportive and understanding. Provide information and advice about how to treat their acne.

One of the most effective ways is to learn as much as possible about the various types of acne and how it can be treated. Simply doing this can go a long way in providing more effective guidance for your children when confronted with decisions related to their treatment. You will be able to help them in the selection of acne medications and perhaps determine whether or not it is an appropriate time to consult with a dermatologist.
What Really Causes Acne?

Doctors and researchers have come to some conclusions about the risk factors that ultimately contribute to the development of acne. According to some researchers, the primary causes are hormones and genetics, but this cannot account for every case.

In some instances, factors like medication, types of cosmetics, and certain aspects of personal hygiene (i.e. methods of cleansing the skin) are more likely to create the conditions for acne’s formation. Environment, can also be a catalyst. Those working with chemicals or who are exposed to oils and greases, have a greater chance of getting acne because the materials themselves can clog the pores.

Hormones

With the onset of puberty, the human body starts to produce hormones called androgens. These cause the enlargement and over stimulation of the sebaceous glands which are found in the hair follicles or pores of the skin. The extra sebum or oil that the sebaceous glands produce mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria on the skin’s surface and this blocks pores. Within the blocked pore, the bacteria multiply and cause inflammation. All of this leads to the lesions that are associated with acne.
Teenagers are the most common sufferers of acne, purely because of the hormonal shifts that are associated with puberty. Current figures indicate that nearly 85% of people will develop acne at some point between the ages of 12 and 25.
It is also important to note that the hormonal changes associated with both the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and even menopause have been shown to be culprits in the creation of acne. Also, when women are either beginning or ending their usage of birth control, the hormonal fluctuations can cause acne.
Furthermore, fluctuations in the hormones of men and women, can cause spikes in the production of sebum in the sebaceous glands.

Genetics

Another factor is genetics. Many researchers believe that the tendency to develop acne can be inherited from parents. In studies conducted by a number of scientists, links have been found between those presently suffering from acne and the presence of acne in their family history.
Other Factors

Medication

The side effects of certain drugs can cause acne. Examples can include: barbiturates, anti-depressants, anti-anxiety medication, lithium and certain forms of steroids.

Heavy or oily cosmetics
In the case of certain cosmetics, their ingredients can affect the structure of hair follicles and lead to over-production of sebum, which in turn clogs the pores.

Over-abrasive cleansing

Astringent facial products can dry the skin out and cause the body to overproduce sebum to compensate. The use of harsh exfoliators can damage existing spots and spread infection.

Flare Up Factors

Pressure from helmets or hats, backpacks, and tight clothing
If there is pressure against the skin, the potential for irritation and acne breakouts is much greater. Friction from tight clothing, or pressure from a hat or helmet can affect the pores and cause acne to flare up.

Environmental irritants

If a person works in a garage or a factory, certain chemicals present in such environments can actually cause acne flare-ups.
Pollution can have much the same effect upon the skin, clogging pores and creating infections.
Heavy scrubbing of skin
Picking or squeezing blackheads or whiteheads can cause the infection to move deeper into the skin, which will lead to scarring.

Types of Acne

Acne Vulgaris

acne Cosmetica

Acne vulgaris is another name for common acne. This is the type of acne that mainly affects adolescents, but may persist and become more severe as one reaches adulthood.

Mild to Moderate acne vulgaris is characterized by the following lesions:

Whiteheads

Whiteheads result when a pore is completely blocked, trapping sebum, bacteria, and dead skin cells, causing a white appearance on the surface. Whiteheads have a shorter life span than blackheads.

Blackheads

Blackheads result when a pore is only partially blocked, allowing some of the trapped sebum, bacteria, and dead skin cells to slowly drain to the surface. The dark color associated with its appearance is not caused by dirt. It is a reaction of the skin’s own pigment, melanin, reacting with the oxygen in the air. As a whitehead has a short life cycle, a blackhead is a firmer structure, and can often take a long time to clear.

Papules

Papules are inflamed, red, tender bumps with no head.

acne papules

 

Pustules
A pustule is similar to a whitehead, but is inflamed, and appears as a red circle with a white or yellow center. This is what is commonly called a “zit.”
Severe acne vulgaris can be distinguished by the presence of nodules and cysts:

Acne Nodules

Nodules

As opposed to the lesions mentioned above, nodular acne consists of acne spots which are much larger, can be quite painful and can sometimes last for months. Nodules are large, hard bumps under the skin’s surface. Scarring is common. Absolutely do not attempt to squeeze such a lesion. You may cause severe trauma to the skin and the lesion may last for months longer than it normally would if you don’t touch it.

Cysts

An acne cyst is often similar in appearance to a nodule, but it is pus-filled, and has been described as having a diameter of 2 inches or more across and is often very painful. Again, scarring is common with cystic acne. Squeezing an acne cyst may cause a deeper infection and more painful inflammation which will last much longer than if you had left it alone.

Adult Acne

Adult acne is a form of acne vulgaris that affects adults over 30 years of age. Because acne is normally associated with the hormonal fluctuations that occur during puberty, its appearance in an adult should be investigated to determine the underlying causes, especially if it appears for the first time in adulthood.

Some adult acne is caused by:

Medication Some medications can induce acne. Anabolic steroids, anti-epileptic medications, anti-tuberculosis drugs rifampin and isoniazid, lithium and medications that contain iodine.

Chronic physical pressure on the skin Whether chaffing from wearing a helmet or carrying a backpack, such pressure against the skin can lead breakouts

Chlorinated industrial chemicals Working in certain types of industrial environments can cause acne-like symptoms or even chloracne, an occupational skin disorder caused by prolonged exposure to chemicals like chlorinated dioxins.

Metabolic changes Changes in the body’s hormonal balance, such as those present during pregnancy or menstruation can produce acne in adults.

Rosacea

Rosacea is often misdiagnosed as acne. Rosacea affects thousands of people in the U.S. alone, mostly those over the age of 30. It generally appears as a red rash confined to the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. This redness is often accompanied by bumps, pimples, and skin blemishes–the reason it is so commonly mistaken for acne. Further, this redness is also linked to the fact that blood vessels may become more visible on the skin.

Rosacea has been shown to be more prevalent in women than in men, but often if found in men it tends to be more severe. If you are seeking treatment and you think it may actually be Rosacea, you need to be aware that the treatments differ quite a bit from those used in the care of acne vulgaris.

Acne Mechanica

acne mechanica

This form of acne is caused by external mechanical forces like constant pressure, constant and repeated friction, covered skin, and heat. For those involved in sports, in the military or in high-activity jobs, this is nothing new, as the condition is common with many athletes and in professions where factors like tight-fitting, or restrictive clothing is worn for extended periods of time. These sorts of jobs may include certain kinds of factory work where an employee may be busy with repetitive tasks that may irritate the skin and lead to break outs.

Further examples of possible causes may include:

Wearing head bands that rub the forehead and irritate the skin

The kind of friction caused by physical contact with musical instruments for extended periods of time
Wearing tight clothing like blue jeans or undergarments made with synthetic materials

Bra straps

Acne Cosmetica

Women who wear make-up or cosmetics may find they experience breakouts on their foreheads or cheeks. This form of acne is generally caused by the type of cosmetics a person is using.

Pomade Acne

When hairstyles change, it is not uncommon for teenagers and young adults to adopt new styles. But, sometimes a new style requires the use of a thick, oily hair cosmetic called pomade. Pomade is generally used when a hairstyle requires that curly hair be straightened or hair be molded into various shapes.

One of the undesired effects may be pomade acne. Pomade acne occurs on the scalp, forehead, and temples where pomade comes into contact with the skin.

Most pomades fall into the category of comedogenic – or pore clogging cosmetics. The heavy oils used in pomades can clog pores, setting the stage for the formation of comedones. In addition, some of the other chemicals in pomades may irritate the skin, contributing to inflammation.

Excoriated Acne

The term excoriated means to scratch or abrade the skin. Excoriated acne is defined by the behavior of the person suffering from it. When the person obsessively picks and scrapes at every pimple and blemish on their skin, they are said to have excoriated acne. Because of the excessive nature of the attention given to the sufferer’s skin, deep irritation can result as well as scarring.

Though it may appear to others as a mild form of acne, without pustules or nodules, to the person dealing with it, this condition may be intolerable. This almost psychological urge to get rid of one’s skin lesions or blemish can become very damaging. It is recommended that a dermatologist be sought for treatment.

Infantile

Baby Acne

This form of acne occurs in newborns and is concentrated on the nose and cheeks. It is caused by the hormonal changes that occurred while the fetus was developing in the womb. Typically, the acne clears up in matter of weeks without treatment.

Infant-Acne-baby-skin-disorders-article

However, infantile acne has a serious aspect that must be considered. If simple cleansing with mild soap and water will not clear up the acne, then a mild topical agent like a prescription form of benzoyl peroxide for infants can help the current situation and prevent scarring. If this does not help, then a dermatologist may need to be consulted.

Things to note:

Family History. Genetics might be a factor in the development of acne in the infant. Do the child’s parents or siblings have acne or did they have it in the past?

Early hormone production. Some infants have a condition that causes early production of sex hormones, like androgen, which is linked to acne. If this is the case, medical help should be sought to avoid problems with the child’s development.

Growth and developmental abnormalities. Acne at such an early stage in the child’s life could indicate developmental problems that might not show up until later. A pediatrician should be consulted to see if this might be a possibility.

Drug-induced acne or acneiform eruption. If your child has been exposed to medications that include corticosteroids or iodine, they could develop acneiform lesions.

Severe Acne

There are four types of severe acne that are categorized by the type of lesions that it produces and long term effects it can have for the sufferer. This extreme acne affects more than just the body, it can affect every aspect of a person’s life. The emotional and psychological aspects can lower the quality of life and permanently destroy self-esteem.

Acne Conglobata

acne-conglobata-pictures-8

Acne Conglobata is the most severe form of acne vulgaris. This form of extreme acne is characterized by large, interconnected nodules and widespread blackheads. Because theses lesions can become ulcerated, they can cause severe, permanent damage. Acne conglobata is commonly found on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs.

Acne conglobata affects adults between 18 and 30 and is more prevalent in men than women. It should also be noted that acne conglobata can stay active for many years, lying dormant until something causes it to resurface. As with all types of acne, the cause of acne conglobata is not known.

Acne

This type of severe acne is actually an abrupt onset of acne conglobata that typically afflicts young men. The symptoms of the severe nodulocystic, often ulcerating acne, are readily apparent. As with normal cases of acne conglobata the lesions cover large portions of the extremities including the facial region. Acne fulminans is unique because it also includes fever symptoms, aching of the joints, particularly the knees and hips, and varying degrees of weight loss.

Gram-negative folliculitis

Gram-negative folliculitis is a form of extreme acne caused by an inflammation of the follicles. It’s caused by a bacterial infection and is characterized by pustules and cysts. In some cases, its development is caused by a complication resulting from long-term antibiotic treatment of acne vulgaris.

Pyoderma Faciale

This type of severe acne only affects women between the ages of 20 to 40. It is characterized by large painful nodules, pustules and sores that may leave scarring. Forming abruptly, pyoderma faciale may occur in women who have never had acne before. Generally, this type of extreme acne is confined to the face, and though it usually does not last longer than a year, it can cause a great deal of damage in a very short time.
Natural Acne Remedies

Hot/Cold Compresses
Soak a clean hand towel in hot water and wring it out so it’s damp, but not soaking wet. Place the towel over the infected area so it opens the pores. When the towel feels warm, gently dab the infected area, cleaning away any residue. Take another hand towel and repeat the process.

Then take a third hand towel and soak it in cold water. Wring it out so it’s damp, but not soaking and place it over the infected area. This closes the pores.

NOTE: Use white hand towels. Many people with skin irritations react to the dyes in colored textiles.

Drink Water
This natural remedy for acne is simple. If you drink a sufficient amount of water per day, typically 7-8 glasses, your body eliminates toxic elements that can contribute to the development and spread of acne. You may also try boiling water and adding fenugreek seeds and corn.

Oils and Juices
Though it can seem odd, the benefits of using natural substances like almond oil can actually help with the removal of acne scars. Apricot juice also helps to alleviate the presence of cysts.

Blend a mixture of cucumber juice, carrot juice, alfalfa or lettuce and apply to the infected area. Apply lemon juice to the affected area. Let it dry for 10 minutes and rinse off with cool water.

Fenugreek leaves
This remedy prevents breakouts. Crush the Fenugreek leaves into a paste and apply it to infected areas every night, then wash it away the following morning with warm water.

Honey Mask
Because honey has naturally occurring anti-bacterial qualities it is often applied to the face as a mask, killing surface bacteria. Typically, the mask should be applied once or twice weekly depending upon the results.

Distilled white vinegar
Apply the vinegar as a topical solution, letting it sit on the infected area for at least 5-10 minutes. Then rinse it thoroughly with cool water. Often the vinegar can be a little too strong, so it is recommended that you dilute it, though not too much.

Make-up or Cosmetic Usage
Avoid using cosmetics because they contain chemicals and oils that clog the pores, and lead to breakouts.

More Remedies

In addition to the natural remedies for acne, there are other options available too.

Diet and vitamin supplements
Most of the fruits and vegetables we eat have been sprayed with pesticides, grown in fertilizer enhanced dirt and further manipulated with chemical preservatives, so it’s not surprising that some acne may be caused by allergies to chemicals.

To combat this, eat a balanced diet and take a hearty multi-vitamin. It can help reduce the chances of some bio-chemical conditions which provide fertile ground for acne.

Echinacea and Oregon grape
These herbs are both useful for boosting the body’s immune system and also combating many forms of acne-causing bacteria.

Vitamin A
Large quantities of Vitamin A have been used to successfully treat some severe forms of acne. If you plan to use vitamin A as a possible remedy, consult a physician first. Large enough doses can be toxic.

Zinc
Zinc can aid in the healing of acne lesions and help in the prevention of scarring.
Over-the-Counter Acne Remedies

Before starting a regime of over the counter treatments, consult a physician. Even though acne is generally a benign condition, a doctor or dermatologist can advise you on the best treatment as well as provide further suggestions based on the particular kind of acne you may be suffering from.

You should not rely strictly on the advice of friends or family, because what may work for one person may not work for another. You should also have some background knowledge about the active ingredients in various acne medications, so you can make a better-informed choice.

One of the most popular ingredients in acne medications is benzoyl peroxide. Found in gels and ointments, it helps by combating the bacteria that cause acne. It is also useful for removing dead skin cells that accumulate on the surface of the skin and create blackheads and whiteheads.

Benzoyl peroxide has been proven to be safe and effective in combating lesions. It can also be used as a means of acne prevention by keeping the skin free from acne causing bacteria. The only side effect associated with this ingredient is dry skin. This can be avoided by decreasing the frequency of use.

Another ingredient commonly found in a majority of acne medications is salicylic acid. This prevents acne by clearing up dead skin cells that are accumulating too quickly and clogging the pores. If the medication you are using contains salicylic acid you should continue to use it after the skin has cleared up to prevent future outbreaks. The only side effects associated with salicylic acid are dry, irritated skin.
Other ingredients

Besides the more common ones, there are other ingredients you may see in acne medication such as resorcinol and sulphur. Resorcinol causes the top layer of skin to peel and removes the dead skin cells that clog the pores. Resorcinol is often combined with sulphur, which seems to increase the effectiveness of the substance.

Of all the ingredients that have been listed which are effective in fighting acne or preventing its outbreak, benzoyl peroxide is probably the most versatile. It can be used in cleansing liquids or bars, as well as lotion, cream, and gels. The cleansing products are used once or twice a day, while the creams and lotions can be used as needed. They should be applied on the skin around the acne as well as the pimples themselves for overall effectiveness. You should try to avoid getting benzoyl peroxide in your eyes, mouth or nose, as it will cause irritation or inflammation.

Prescriptions

Generally, mild and moderate forms of acne can be treated with over-the-counter medications, but with severe cases you may need to seek treatment from a dermatologist. In many cases, the doctor will recommend an oral or topical prescription medicine to deal with the condition.

Antibiotics

Commonly used to fight acne, antibiotics can be taken orally or as a lotion. Topical prescription medications may include ingredients such as zinc or retinoids. The most common antibiotic used for treating acne is tetracycline. It is used to kill the bacteria responsible for acne and also reduces inflammation. Treatment may take several weeks or even months to be effective and it’s important to continue using antibiotics even after the acne has cleared up.

A common side effect associated with tetracycline is increased sensitivity to sun light, resulting in bad sunburns if you stay in the sun too long. Further side effects may include dizziness, hives, and upset stomach.

Women who are taking tetracycline may be susceptible to an increase in incidences of vaginal yeast infection.

Ointments and topical solutions

Antibiotic ointments actually have fewer complications than oral antibiotics. If you use these ointments with other topical treatments like benzoyl peroxide, the bacteria may not develop resistance to the antibiotics. This increases the level of prevention.

Retinoids

Retinoids are a form of acne medication that are derived from vitamin A and can be applied directly to the skin. Topical retinoid medications are useful for treating blackheads and whiteheads by helping to open clogged pores.

Oral retinoids are used to treat the more severe forms of acne, because they have a better chance of stopping breakouts and lesions which don’t respond to other treatments. Oral retinoids cause the upper layer of the skin to peel which opens the pores. They also cause the body to produce less sebum, the substance which causes oily skin.

As with many other types of prescription strength medication, a number of serious side effects are associated with oral retinoids. They can cause liver damage and depression, so regular medical attention is needed to make sure the patient is not being adversely affected by retinoid treatment. This medication can also cause birth defects if mothers are taking it when they’re pregnant.

Other medications

Birth control pills are sometimes effective in treating acne in women. They change hormone levels in the body and can reduce the acne causing effects of testosterone.

Surgical Options

If you are considering the possibility of treating acne with laser therapy or surgery, fully evaluate each of the processes, including the number of required treatments, the costs, and the potential side effects of the treatment. It’s also important that you select a process that is designed to deal with reducing the presence of acne without scarring.

Acne Surgery

Acne surgery involves making an incision into the affected area and draining the clogged matter. The process for blackheads and whiteheads doesn’t actually involve surgery, but is often performed by a nurse, esthetician or dermatologist. A small, pointed blade is used to first open the comedone and then gently work the material out using a comedone extractor.

Severe cysts can be drained and removed by excisional surgery. The procedure extracts the cysts in a sterile environment so additional bacteria does not enter the wound and develop serious infection or create scarring.

Forms of Physical Treatment

Exfoliation

This treatment involves removing the top layer of skin chemically or with an abrasive. Chemical peels are usually done with salicylic acid or glycolic acid. These work by destroying a microscopic layer of skin cells to unclog pores and remove the build-up of dead skin cells. The same effect can be achieved by using an abrasive cloth or liquid scrub.

Comedo Extraction

In this procedure, an anesthetic cream is applied to the affected area. The comedones (blackheads and white heads) are extracted using a pen-like instrument which opens the top to allow the removal of dead skin cells and sebum from the follicle. The procedure is usually followed by an application of antibiotic cream.

Drainage

With many forms of severe acne, cysts can form under the skin and become very painful, even disfiguring. Often, the smaller cysts can be treated with cortisone injections which will flatten the lesion in a few days. But for larger cysts the only alternative is to have them drained and then surgically removed. Drainage can help relieve the pain associated with cysts and also reduce the chance of scarring. It is important not to try to drain cysts yourself, because you risk infection, which could lead to permanent scarring.

Laser Treatment

Laser treatments involve the use of varying wavelengths that are aimed directly at the affected area of the skin. These wavelengths pulsate against the skin and destroy overly-large sebaceous glands and acne lesions. Laser treatments remove the damaged outer layers of skin so that new cell growth can be initiated. The laser technician varies the intensity of the laser as necessary to effectively treat the area.

Despite all of the benefits, there is still considerable debate surrounding the effectiveness of laser therapy. It has been shown to be effective in improving the skin’s appearance, but as with most of the other available acne treatments, there are some side effects.

For example, patients can experience red, burned skin after treatment that can last for weeks. Individuals with dark-colored skin can end up with skin discoloration after laser treatments. Finally, the skin’s appearance can be uneven if the laser is applied inconsistently.

Acne Prevention

Here is a final checklist of valuable acne prevention methods:

Find a regimen and stick with it – Pick your medication and treatment method and do not deviate from it unless your condition is worsening.

Don’t use alcohol – Do not use products, like toners, if they contain heavy concentrations of isopropyl alcohol. This can do more damage than good.

Don’t over-wash – Wash a maximum of two times a day. Anymore, and you risk increasing the breakouts you have.

Choose skin products carefully – Don’t get harsh or abrasive scrubs that can tear the skin and further aggravate the acne.

Wash after exercising – Don’t forget to hit shower after you’ve had a workout. The friction and moisture caused by clothing rubbing against the skin can create the perfect conditions for acne production.

Avoid constant touching or picking at your face – This is pretty self-explanatory. These activities can cause bacteria to get into pores and create acne.

How to Treat Acne Fast?

Dо уоu suffer frоm acne? Iѕ acne depriving уоu оf уоur confidence? Yоu dоn’t hаvе tо suffer anymore. Acne саn bе treated аnd prevented bу fоllоwing basic hygiene аnd basic ѕkin care regimen, eating thе right diet, dоing exercises, аnd uѕing a proven anti-acne treatment system. Nо mоrе will уоu hаvе tо bе afraid оf meeting nеw people. Nо mоrе will уоur ѕkin stand bеtwееn уоu аnd a good time.

Thе Cаuѕеѕ оf Acne

Yоur acne iѕ caused whеn pores in уоur ѕkin gеt clogged bу dead ѕkin cells аnd excessive sebum content. Sebum iѕ аn oily substance produced bу thе sebaceous gland.

Thе clogged pore iѕ thе perfect environment fоr thе acne bacteria. Thiѕ bacteria in thе plugged follicle leads tо inflammation оf thе skin. Thiѕ leads tо pimples оr acnes. Acne саn bе еithеr mild, moderate оr severe. Fоr severe cases оf acne, уоu ѕhоuld gо visit a doctor.

Thus, thе contributors оf acne аrе clogging оf thе pores bу oil аnd dead ѕkin cells аnd thе presence оf bacteria. Tо effectively fight acne, оnе muѕt address it frоm bоth thе оutѕidе оf thе bоdу аnd inside оf thе body.

Fighting Acne frоm thе оutѕidе

Thе basic things уоu саn dо tо prevent acne iѕ tо fоllоw basic hygiene аnd ѕkin care regimen. Yоur basic ѕkin care regimen ѕhоuld include cleansing оf thе skin, applying аn alcohol-free toner, аnd finish with a moisturizer + sunscreen. Toning уоur ѕkin restores ѕkin pH back tо it’ѕ nоrmаl range аnd it closes thе pores tо уоur ѕkin tо prevent dust аnd thе air-borne particles frоm settling in уоur pores.

Yоu ѕhоuld clean уоur ѕkin with a gentle cleanser аt lеаѕt twiсе a day tо remove уоur ѕkin frоm oil, dead ѕkin cells, dry ѕkin – substances thаt саn clog thе pores. It iѕ imperative fоr thе pores оf уоur ѕkin tо remain bacteria free. Thе presence оf bacteria iѕ ѕоmеthing whiсh contributes substantially tо thе growth оf pimples. If уоu hаvе оvеrаll cleanliness оf thе skin, уоu саn lessen thе chance оf pimples.

Lооk fоr cleansing products thаt соntаin salicylic acid. Salicylic Acid iѕ a naturally occurring organic acid аnd a gentle, effective exfoliator. It iѕ vеrу effective fоr acne аnd oily ѕkin аnd helps tо unclog pores bу removing dead ѕkin cells, loosen аnd remove blackheads аnd whiteheads, аnd prevent future outbreaks. Products ѕhоuld соntаin 1-2% concentration оf salicylic acid in order fоr it tо bе effective. Fоr sensitive ѕkin types, a 1% concentration wоuld bе suitable аnd fоr stubborn acne, 2% concentration iѕ recommended.

Note thаt Salicylic Acid аlѕо makes ѕkin sensitive tо thе sun. Sunscreen ѕhоuld thеrеfоrе bе uѕеd whilе applying Salicylic Acid. Sunscreen аlѕо guard уоur ѕkin frоm harmful rays оf thе sun аnd helps slow dоwn aging оf thе skin.

It iѕ аlѕо important tо nоt tо touch уоur ѕkin with уоur fingers. Our hands аnd fingers nоrmаllу carry a multitude оf vаriоuѕ germs. Whеn thеѕе germs make contact with thе pimples, it саn make thе pimples worse.

Fighting Acne frоm thе inside

Thе mаin саuѕе оf acne iѕ thе concentration оf toxins inside thе body. Thе bоdу expels toxins thrоugh excretion, sweating, оr thrоugh thе skin. If thе bоdу iѕ nоt efficient in expelling thе toxins thrоugh excretion оr thrоugh sweating, ѕоmе оf thе toxins gо оut thrоugh thе skin. Thiѕ саuѕеѕ inflammation оf thе ѕkin аnd increases thе bacteria level оn thе surface оf thе skin, leading tо acne problem.

Tо effectively fight acne аnd achieve radiant, youthful, аnd healthy skin, оnе muѕt tаkе good care оf thе bоdу bу practicing thе fоllоwing healthy habits:

* Reduce Stress – Stress саuѕеѕ thе body’s level оf cortisol (stress hormone) tо gо up. Thiѕ leads tо increase оf уоur blood sugar аnd produces mоrе oil оn thе skin, whiсh саn lead tо ѕkin aging аnd acne prone skin. Stress саn bе controlled bу gеtting adequate sleep аnd rest аnd dоing meditation аnd practicing deep breathing. Deep breathing аlѕо helps tо remove thе toxins in thе body.

*Get оn аn exercise program – Exercise reduces stress аnd helps improve blood circulation tо thе skin, making thе ѕkin mоrе healthy аnd radiant. Also, thе sweating frоm exercise аlѕо removes thе toxins in thе body.

*Stay аwау frоm oily, fatty, аnd spicy food, whiсh iѕ knоwn tо саuѕе acne. Also, reduce thе consumption оf carbohydrates.

*Eats lots оf fruits аnd vegetables, whiсh соntаin essential vitamins аnd antioxidants tо nourish thе ѕkin

*Water intake аlѕо plays a big role in keeping уоur ѕkin healthy аnd beautiful. It helps tо kеер thе ѕkin hydrated аnd gеt rids оf toxins in thе body. It iѕ recommended tо tаkе аt lеаѕt 8-10 glasses оf water a day.

*Avoid milk if уоu саn, Milk iѕ knоwn tо саuѕе acne.

*Eat mоrе fish, еѕресiаllу wild salmon. Fish соntаinѕ omega 3 oils thаt benefits bоth thе heart аnd thе skin.

Uѕе аn acne treatment system thаt fights acne frоm inside аnd оutѕidе thе bоdу

Bу fоllоwing thе аbоvе steps, it gоеѕ a lоng wау in preventing аnd controlling уоur acne problems. However, fоr ѕоmе оf uѕ unfоrtunаtе acne victims, оur acne problems аrе mоrе serious. Therefore, tougher measures muѕt bе taken. In addition tо fоllоwing thе аbоvе recommendations, it iѕ recommended tо uѕе аn acne curing system thаt fights acne bacteria bоth frоm inside thе bоdу аѕ wеll аѕ оutѕidе thе body. Mоѕt оvеr thе counter acne products in thе market ѕuсh аѕ Clearasil, Oxy-10, ProActiv оnlу address acne problems аt thе ѕkin level аnd thаt iѕ nоt еnоugh tо effectively fight acne.

If уоur acne problem ѕtill persists аftеr fоllоwing thе аbоvе ѕkin care regimen аnd lifestyle habits, уоu ѕhоuld uѕе аn anti-acne system thаt employs thе proven principle оf fighting acne bоth frоm thе оutѕidе аnd thе inside thе body. Thе system ѕhоuld include аn oil-free, SD Alcohol аnd Salicylic Acid solutions based facial & bоdу wash аnd herbal pills. Thе facial wash will hеlр уоu fight acne оn уоur face, back, chest аnd arms bу unclogging уоur pores аnd expelling аll thе bacteria аnd oil thаt саuѕе pimples аnd оthеr blemishes. Thе herbal pills effectively fight acne-causing bacteria frоm thе inside. Together, thеу аrе vеrу potent in gеtting rid оf acne fast аnd preventing acne frоm occurring again. Sее оur website fоr mоrе information аnd fоr recommendation оf a proven anti-acne system guaranteed tо stop acne fast!

Adult Acne Skin Care Products

 

You know once we get older we shouldn’t have to suffer from things we had to endure when we were teenagers. It’s just not fair. But the reality is that many adults suffer from acne, it’s actually quite common. Take heart, though, there are adult acne skin care products and tips that you can use starting today which will help eliminate, or at least decrease, your acne flareups.

 

You know once we get older we shouldn’t have to suffer from things we had to endure when we were teenagers. It’s just not fair. But the reality is that many adults suffer from acne, it’s actually quite common. Take heart, though, there are adult acne skin care products and tips that you can use starting today which will help eliminate, or at least decrease, your acne flareups.

Acne in adults is often caused by the same reasons you had it as a teenager. Everything from toxins in your environment, like exhaust fumes and dust, can have a very strong, and very bad, impact on your skin.

Stress is another huge catalyst for breakouts. Today we have enormous amounts of stress on us. With our responsibilities to our jobs, our families, and ourselves, our society is more stressful now that at any time in history, despite all of our advances.

Another possible catalyst for adult acne are hormonal fluctuations. Women who are pregnant, peri menopausal, or menopausal, undergo immense hormonal changes. These changes can affect everything from their mood, to their appetite, and yes, even their skin.

Now that I’ve identified some of the reasons adults have acne, lets concentrate on what we can do to lessen the number, and severity of those breakouts.

Again, treating adult acne isn’t much different than treating acne at any other age. The first thing you want to do is keep your skin clean. When you have an outbreak and you are desperate to clear it up as soon as possible, you may be tempted to wash your face many times a day. Don’t.

Over washing your face can just make your skin raw, and painful. The best way to keep your skin clean is to use a gentle, non abrasive cleaner on your face twice a day.

Rinse thoroughly with warm, not hot, water and use a soft towel to gently pat dry your face. Don’t rub. The last thing you want to do is irritate your skin further.

stay out of the sun. If you are going to be outside make sure to wear a hat and use sunscreen. Not only will overexposure to the sun dry your skin and force your sebaceous glands to secrete more oil making your acne worse, you will also prematurely age your skin if you get too much sun.

And never forget, healthy skin starts on the inside, not the outside. Make sure you properly fuel your body with a wide selection of healthy fruits and vegetables. If your body is getting all the nutrients it needs it will be better able to keep all your systems ‘in check’ and that includes your skin.

Moisturizing your skin also starts on the inside. Make sure you keep your body hydrated. Drink at least eight glasses of water daily. And remember, pop, coffee, or tea don’t count.

When it comes to finding a good acne treatment product it’s mostly a question of trial and error. There are many products on the market today. Some will work for some people but not others. Find the one that works best for you and stick with it. Don’t keep changing from one product to the next. Also try to find products that are organic and don’t contain a lot of harmful chemicals.

Having bad skin at any age is no fun, having acne as an adult is just adding insult to injury. But don’t give up, there are adult acne skin care products and techniques that can help you have better skin starting right now.

You know once we get older we shouldn’t have to suffer from things we had to endure when we were teenagers. It’s just not fair. But the reality is that many adults suffer from acne, it’s actually quite common. Take heart, though, there are adult acne skin care products and tips that you can use starting today which will help eliminate, or at least decrease, your acne flareups.

 

New Treatments For Acne – Laser Surgery

 

New Treatments For Acne
If you are looking for the most advanced techniques for treating acne, there are many to choose
from. Usually, there are many things that contribute to acne.

There are many over the counter products that you can use to treat your acne too. If you do not like them, or they do not seem to work well for you, you may decide to go off to see your family doctor or your dermatologist for help. He or she may recommend medications to control your hormone levels and to regulate the amount of oils in your glands or they may want you to take antibiotics that will kill off the bacteria. Yet, even this is not a fully fool proof way of fighting off acne.

If you are ready for some real world help there are many things that you can do. One of the first things that you can consider is that of lasers. Laser surgery, actually, can be a very beneficial method to treating acne. If you are like many, you are not looking for something that is a magic potion, but something that will work over time. That is what lasers can do. They will do several things. First, they are likely to destroy or damage the follicle that the hair is growing from. They will also destroy or damage the gland that is producing the excess oils that are in your skin. And, finally, they will also help in killing the bacteria that is causing the acne too.

Lasers are very effective and minimally invasive. There is little to no signs that you have had the procedure done either. While it is not going to be able to remove the acne that you already have, it can help it to lessen and then help to prevent more from resurfacing. The goal here is to find the solution for your needs that offers the best ability.

If you believe that laser surgery is the way to go, then consider this option. You may need several treatments and they can be rather expensive, but they can be quite beneficial nonetheless. Laser treatment for acne is something that is becoming more and more effective. Many people are using them not only to treat the acne that is on their face and the acne that is going to be there if they do nothing about it, but it can even help in hiding or getting rid of acne scars as well. Acne can be treated with lasers.

Simple Home Remedies to Solve Your Acne Problems


Acne – the bane of a teenager’s life. It might be the common blight for those in their teenage years but the disease has a far reaching effect as it can scar the skin and impact the sufferer’s self-esteem quite dramatically. It might not be dangerous but the effects may be devastating from an emotional, physical and social perspective.
Essentially, acne forms when the pores of your skin become blocked by an oily liquid called sebum and then becomes infected. Sebum, hair and skin cells form a plug within the pore and once the plug becomes infected, a swelling starts to form. Once the ‘plug’ breaks down, the tell- tale pimples start to form.
Acne is a noticeable disease and it affects your face, neck, shoulders, chest and back. Skin specialists confirm that ¾ of those within the 11-30 years age group will get acne at some time. But note that acne can affect people of all ages and indeed, races, it’s certainly not restricted to those within their teenage years. Men and women can contract this disease but young males seem to suffer from acne for longer periods, possibly because of testosterone levels.
This article contains a list of well-known and some lesser known remedies that are easy to make at home and which may offer a solution or assistance for those who are suffering with this skin complaint.

The Potential Causes of Acne
The exact cause of acne is not truly known but it is believed that the main cause would be a rise in androgen levels (a type of hormone). These changes occur as adolescence approaches. These increased androgen levels work to make the oil glands grow which are underneath the skin and as a result, more oil is produced. Excessive amounts of sebum can actually break down the cell walls within your pores and bacteria can grow as a result.
Acne may be genetic so if family members have suffered with it, then there is an increased chance that you will too. Other triggers can be some medications, cosmetics or even hormonal changes during pregnancy.

How to Look After Your Skin
If you are prone to getting acne or indeed have acne currently, there are some things that you can do to ensure that your skin is looked after.
Hygiene is vital, so wash your face twice a day with a mild soap that has been designed for acne sufferers. Don’t scrub at your skin because you could damage it further.
Never ever try to burst any pimples because all you will succeed in doing is to increase any swelling and redness and to push the infection further inward. If you are not careful, scarring can occur.
Keep your hands clean but do try to avoid touching your face. Transferring dirt and bacteria is easy.
Avoid wearing tight clothing especially if the acne is across your shoulders, chest or back as your skin needs to breathe.
Limit your exposure to direct sunlight as it can have a two-fold effect. Sunlight can increase the amount of sebum produced and some medications may reduce your skin’s protection from the sun leading to burning.
For those that shave, make sure you do this carefully as it can irritate.
Keeping your bedding clean is very important, especially your pillows if your acne is restricted mainly to your face. Wash your pillow cases each and every day because oils from your skin will be on them and if not washed daily, you will simply be re-applying the oil and dirt.

What can make your acne worse?
Hormonal changes can certainly trigger off an increased bout of acne, usually in the week or two before any menstrual period. But anxiety and stress may also make the symptoms worse as they interrupt your hormonal levels, so it’s important to try to remain calm and to adopt a logical approach to the management of your acne.
The heat can also drastically increase the problem because you will naturally sweat more and it’s wise to avoid any oil based moisturizers or make-up because this could block your pores.
A Dietary Solution?
There is no direct evidence to suggest that acne grows worse due to specific food types but those foods that contain trans and saturated fats could certainly contribute to the problems associated with oily skin. This includes animal products such as dairy, poultry and meats. It is fine to have flaxseed, hempseed oil and fish because your body needs certain oils.
Chocolate has long been blamed for causing acne or certainly increasing acne levels but in fact, this is unproven. It does make sense in one respect however because chocolate is high in saturated fats.
Increasing your protein levels may help to decrease the production of an enzyme that causes an increase in the production of oil.
Avoid salty foods or any with a high level of iodine. Acne may actually become an indicator alerting you to the fact that there is something wrong with your nutrition, so if you feel that your diet is below par, take a good multi-vitamin to help your body become healthier on the inside and out. You could also try taking chromium too because it is known for helping to heal skin infections and will help you to prevent further breakouts of acne.

It’s important that you avoid dairy milk – because milk from cows contain a lot of animal fat, cholesterol and steroid hormones and this could trigger an increase of acne.

Vitamins for Acne
Vitamin A – well-known in the treatment of acne or other skin disorders
Vitamin B – Deficiency of vitamin B6 is often an indicated by inflammation of the skin.                                                                        Vitamins C and E- These vitamins protect the skin and contain vital antioxidants.
Zinc- This vitamin is an important antioxidant, it enhances healing of wounds and improves your immune system.

Home Remedies for Acne
Whilst there are many over the counter preparations that you may wish to try, it is often a good idea to use gentle, natural remedies because your skin is likely to be ultra sensitive if you suffer with acne. The other advantage with home-made remedies are that you only make up the amounts that you need – so there are no chemicals or preservatives and importantly, you will often have lots of the ingredients in your kitchen cupboard already.
Honey Mask – Because honey has antibacterial properties, it can really be useful for helping to clear and heal any acne blemishes. It is very gentle on sensitive skin. You can take some natural honey and apply it straight to your skin, let it dry for approximately 20 minutes and then wash off thoroughly. Your skin will feel much better instantly.
Chamomile Tea- This is a very easy treatment as you simply brew the tea and then wipe over your face twice a day with a cotton ball.Lime Juice and Rosewater – Mix the lime juice and the rosewater in equal parts and apply to the affected skin. Leave it for thirty minutes and then rinse off.     Cucumbers- Cucumbers hydrate your skin and help to calm any inflammation or irritation so you will see and feel the difference quite quickly. Cut into slices and apply them directly to your skin. Leave them for up to 25 minutes.                                                                                      Oatmeal – Make up a bowl of oatmeal and add a cup of honey, stir and then let it cool. Once cool to the touch, add the mixture to your face and leave on for about 20 minutes. Make sure that you rinse well however. Use this remedy once a week for visible signs of improvement.           Another oatmeal remedy is to add a couple of bags of peppermint tea and a couple of bags of black tea to water and bring it to the boil. Add a tablespoon of Epsom salts and then add in the oatmeal, allowing it to sit for a few moments. When cool enough to touch add the mixture to your acne areas and leave for approximately 30 minutes before washing off.

You can also mix natural yoghurt and oatmeal and mix until it becomes a thick paste. Apply it to your skin and leave it to dry. Wash your face afterwards and dry with a clean towel. Oatmeal works to exfoliate too and will help to dry up excess oil.

Mint Juice- Apply the juice from fresh mint leaves directly to your skin each night and then rinse.

Orange Peel – Take the peel of one orange and grate it finely, mix it with water and then dab onto your acne. Leave and rinse when ready.

Turmeric – Mix a teaspoon each of turmeric powder and sandalwood powder with water and add the paste to your skin. This is a traditional and commonly used remedy for acne in India.

Neem- Purchase neem capsules from Indian grocery stores or buy it online. If you prefer a more practical approach, you can dab neem oil directly onto the acne prior to bedtime.

Aloe Vera -Add fresh aloe Vera (from the leaf) directly to your acne for excellent results. Aloe Vera is gentle so you can apply several times throughout the week.

Water – It’s important to always ensure that you drink plenty of water as it can help to flush out any toxins from your system and can have a positive effect on your skin, making it fresher and brighter naturally.

Lemon- Squeeze the juice from one lemon and add a tablespoonful of rosewater and a tablespoon of glycerine. Use as a face-wash.          Another lemon remedy is to use half a lemon and simply rub it all over your face –specifically everywhere that you have acne spots. It will sting but you should see a real improvement within a week.

Witch Hazel – Boil a pot of water, pour into a bowl and add a little salt. Carefully allow the steam to hit your skin and then add witch hazel to cotton wool and wipe your face. The steam opens your pores but witch hazel helps to keep any bacteria under control and is good for treating problems of the skin including excess oil

Lemon Cotton Mask – Squeeze approximately ¼ of the lemon juice into a bowel and dilute with water if your skin is very sensitive. Cut a paper towel into strips and soak in the lemon juice. Carefully apply the strips to your face and leave for a while. Once ready, remove and rinse your face thoroughly.

Aloe Vera and Apple Cider Vinegar – mix equal solutions together and rub onto your face. Leave to dry and then rinse off thoroughly.

Egg and Banana – Mash a banana and then beat one egg. Mix both together until a paste is formed. Apply the paste to your skin and leave on for at least 15 minutes. Rinse thoroughly. Your skin should start to feel wonderful.

Sugar and Lemon Juice – This exfoliates your skin beautifully. Choose organic sugar and fresh lemon juice, mix together and apply.

Egg Treatment – Take the whites from two eggs, mix and apply directly to your face and allow them to dry. Then wash the whites off your face and apply the two mixed egg yolks to your face and leave to dry. Rinse off. This is a great acne treatment and if used regularly, it really works.

Sea Salt – After washing your face, towel dry and make a paste of two parts sea salt with one part warm water. Place the paste on the blemishes and allow it to dry. This is an excellent remedy that really works.

Lemon Juice and Olive Oil – Mix equal parts of lemon juice and olive oil and apply it to freshly cleansed skin. Leave it for about 15 minutes and then rinse off. This treatment can help scars to fade and even help to prevent new acne.

Neem Leaves and Turmeric- Grind the neem leaves and turmeric to create a paste. If the mixture is a little too thick, add small quantities of water and then apply this to your face as a mask. It can stay on for 30 minutes and then wash off thoroughly with water.

Sesame Seeds – Grind sesame seeds and add a little water until it becomes a paste. Apply this mixture onto any areas of inflammation and it will reduce any swelling and inflamed acne.

Baking Soda –You can use baking soda as a facial cleanser. Simply mix some baking soda with a little water and rub into the affected areasin a circular motion. Do this for a couple of minutes and then wash thoroughly.
Baking soda can also be used as a toner. All you need is a clean spray bottle and fill it with warm water. Add one tablespoonful of baking soda and shake it rigorously to ensure that it is well mixed. Spray it onto your face and let it dry. There is no need to rinse. This is a great remedy for psoriasis and eczema as well as acne.
Baking soda can also be made into a facial mask. Create a paste by mixing it with water and then when applied, leave the paste on for half an hour or until it is dry. Then rinse thoroughly.

Roasted Pomegranate – Roast the skin of a pomegranate by placing it in the oven on a low heat. Once roasted, grind into a powder. Mix with a little water, enough to make a paste. It can be applied directly to blackheads, whiteheads or acne.

Tomato Mask –Take a couple of tomatoes and pop them into a blender. Add the blended tomatoes directly to your skin and leave for a few hours. Then rinse off thoroughly.

Tea Tree oil- Tea tree oil can be used as a treatment for acne because it is anti-bacterial. Remember though that tea tree oil is strong so it should always be diluted before applying it to your skin. Mix with water if your skin is excessively oily or with Aloe Vera gel if your skin is very sensitive. Wash your face first and then apply the solution over your skin. Do not rinse off, leave to dry. You need to be a little intuitive with this remedy, add extra essential oil if you start to see an improvement or if your skin is a little more sensitive, mix with a greater solution of Aloe Vera.

Apple Cider Vinegar – First of all, make sure that you are not allergic by testing it. Apple cider vinegar can be taken orally – one tablespoonful a day either naturally or mixed with lemon juice. It can also be applied to your skin but must be diluted – one part vinegar to 8 parts water. Use as a toner.

Strawberries/ Strawberry Leaves- make a great poultice and is highly recommended for acne sufferers.

Acne Face Mask- This face mask is perfect for the deep cleansing of your pores. All you need is one tablespoonful of honey, one tablespoonful of olive oil and an egg yolk. Mix these ingredients until they become a creamy mixture and then apply to your face. Wait twenty minutes and then wash off. Your skin will look and feel better afterwards.

Lime Juice and Boiled Milk- Boil half a cup of milk and then add the milk to the juice from one lime. Use as a face-wash and gently massage into any acne. Rinse your face afterwards.
Papaya Treatment – Juice a papaya and apply directly to your acne to help ease redness and any swelling.

Groundnut Oil and Lime Juice – Apply to the affected areas. This is excellent for the prevention of acne and blackheads. Take equal parts of groundnut oil and lime juice. Leave and then rinse off thoroughly. Use regularly for maximum effect.

Lemon and Cinnamon – Create a mixture of equal parts lemon juice and cinnamon and apply directly to your skin. Leave for a short while and then rinse off. Note that this remedy is not suitable if your skin is very sensitive.

Nutmeg and Milk – Dissolve ground nutmeg in milk that is room temperature. Apply directly to your acne and leave it on for a couple of hours, rinsing off thoroughly afterwards.

Potato Remedy – Take a medium to large potato and grate. Lie down and apply the grated potato directly to the skin that is affected. Potatoes are great for absorbing so try and leave the potato on for as long as possible and just use the time to relax. When finished, rinse off.
Summary –
Stress and anxieties play a big part in your fight against acne. They certainly may not be the sole cause of your skin problems but they can aggravate the healing process and accelerate the condition. The reason for this is because when you get stressed, hormones are released due to your rising stress levels and these hormonal changes are likely to increase the natural oil within your skin.

In which case, it’s worth trying to combat the causes of any stress, fight the triggers and to learn how to manage by adopting gentle relaxation techniques and incorporating them into your daily life. Breathing techniques, meditation or yoga can help you to become more ‘mindful’ and to focus on the present which affords you much greater control in terms of any anxieties.
Any cures for acne are relative to the individual’s needs and therefore, any of the remedies within this report should be tried one at a time for a sustained duration before moving onto another. This will allow you to give the remedy a chance for success and to be sure what has worked for you. Remember that natural remedies are not an overnight cure-all. You need to monitor your progress and once you have found the remedies that help, you can start to use them regularly.
It may take time to find the remedy that works but once you have, your acne problems are likely to be a thing of the past.

 

Acne Scars Treatment Tips

Acne Scars Treatment Tips

It іѕ аlwауѕ a rеlіеf fоr mаnу реорlе when thеу аrе hеаlеd of acne. This ѕkіn infection саn be a rеаl nіghtmаrе. Unfortunately, еvеn аftеr еffесtіvе treatment, unsightly scars аrе ѕtіll lеft bеhіnd. Everyone longs tо have a smooth, clear complexion and thеrеfоrе thе scars can bе a bоthеr fоr many. Luсkіlу, thеrе аrе ways through whісh thе acne mаrkѕ can bе tаkеn саrе of аnd еlіmіnаtеd lеаvіng the ѕkіn flаwlеѕѕ аnd bеаutіful. Thе treatment mеthоdѕ hеlр in rеduсіng thеіr арреаrаnсе eventually clearing thеm with tіmе.

Avoid ѕԛuееzіng аnd рісkіng:

Acne scarring саn bе rеduсеd a great extent whеn dеаlіng wіth the skin infection. Mоѕt people аrе tеmрtеd to ѕԛuееzе аnd рісk оn acne аnd thіѕ increases thе chances оf ѕсаrrіng еvеn аftеr treatment. Sсаrѕ аrе part of thе hеаlіng рrосеѕѕ. Sԛuееzіng and picking іnсrеаѕеѕ ѕkіn trаumа. It is thеrеfоrе іmроrtаnt tо аvоіd рісkіng and ѕԛuееzіng acne.

Gо for tаrgеtеd treatments:

Whеn treating acne, encourage bеttеr hеаlіng bу gоіng fоr рrоduсtѕ that target thе acne dіrесtlу. It саn hеlр рrеvеnt brеаkоutѕ аnd ѕсаrrіng. Thеу іnсludе drуіng сrеаmѕ аррlіеd under skin pimples, drуіng lоtіоnѕ fоr whіtеhеаdѕ and buffеrіng lotions fоr thе deep суѕtіс acne. Thеу are ѕоmе of thе products that can help іn preventing acne ѕсаrrіng after treatment.

Quit ѕmоkіng:

Mаnу skin issues аrе ассеlеrаtеd by ѕmоkіng ѕіnсе іt depletes oxygen ѕuррlу tо the сеllѕ. Thіѕ dерlеtіоn of еnеrgу reaching the ѕkіn slows hеаlіng process. It іѕ for thіѕ ѕаmе rеаѕоn thаt ѕmоkіng increases thе aging process. When уоu ԛuіt smoking, уоu allow thе ѕkіn a сhаnсе tо hеаl аnd rеjuvеnаtе аѕ іt ѕhоuld.

Choose thе bеѕt acne ѕсаr рrоduсtѕ:

Products containing іngrеdіеntѕ ѕuсh as glусоlіс acid саn bе еxсеllеnt сhоісеѕ fоr treatment оf acne scars. Othеr іngrеdіеntѕ thаt уоu саn look оut fоr when сhооѕіng a treatment product іnсludе Vіtаmіn C and kоjіс acid. You ѕhоuld аlѕо соnѕіdеr using ѕun ѕсrееn or going for сlоthеѕ that wіll hеlр in рrоtесtіng thе ѕkіn frоm the еffесtѕ of direct sunlight. Sun exposure darkens the acne scars аnd ѕtіmulаtеѕ сеllѕ, whісh рrоduсе ріgmеnt hеnсе leaving thе scars mоrе nоtісеаblе.

Treat hуреr-ріgmеntаtіоn:

In some саѕеѕ, dark оr rеd acne scars саn bе a result оf hyper-pigmentation. Hуреr-ріgmеntаtіоn is thе оvеr рrоduсtіоn of ѕkіn ріgmеnt. Kojic асіd іѕ a grеаt remedy for thіѕ since іt encourages lіghtеnіng оf ѕkіn discolorations bу inhibiting thе fоrmаtіоn of skin cell ріgmеnt.

Trеаt blackheads іn thе rіght wау:

Home rеmоvаl оf blackheads іѕ a ticket tо acne scarring. It іѕ thеrеfоrе vеrу іmроrtаnt to gеt rіd оf the blасkhеаdѕ іn thе bеѕt аnd thе rіght wау. Yоu саn trу uѕіng kaolin clay оr zіnс оxіdе tо unclog роrеѕ and ѕоаk up thе еxсеѕѕіvе oils thаt might be lіmіtіng proper healing.

How to Safely Treat Acne During Pregnancy?


 

How to safely treat acne during pregnancy
Elevated hormone levels iѕ оnе оf thе bodily сhаngеѕ a woman’s bоdу undergoes during pregnancy. Thiѕ imbalance саn in turn lead tо оthеr complications, fоr instance, it саn саuѕе thе pregnant woman tо lose hеr оnсе silky smooth ѕkin bу developing acne. Mоѕt women will tеnd tо panic whеn thiѕ happens, аnd will trу аnуthing tо gеt rid оf thе condition.

Whilе thеir actions соuld bе justified, Acne Treatment During Pregnancy iѕ ѕоmеthing thаt ѕhоuld nоt bе tаkеn lightly. Thiѕ iѕ bесаuѕе a number оf thе remedies аnd drugs аvаilаblе fоr combating thе condition might асtuаllу еnd uр harming thе baby.

Fоr non-pregnant acne sufferers, dermatologist саn prescribe strong medications such as Tetracycline, Accutane оr Retin-A. Acne treatment during pregnancy iѕ a bit trickier bесаuѕе оf thе baby factor. Thе drugs mentioned аbоvе аrе a dеfinitе no-no in ѕuсh cases.

It iѕ important tо consult with a dermatologist аѕ wеll аѕ уоur OBGYN bеfоrе undertaking аnу acne treatment during pregnancy. So, whу iѕ it important fоr pregnant women tо avoid thе аbоvе mentioned drugs?

o Accutane(X) – studies hаvе shown thаt thаt uр tо 25% оf children born frоm women thаt wеrе exposed tо thiѕ drug during thе firѕt trimester wеrе born with birth defects. Thеѕе defects include birth defects, central nervous system defects аmоng others. Thеrе iѕ аlѕо risk оf infant death оr miscarriage during thе еаrlу pregnancy days.

o Retin – A – studies hаvе shown thаt аlmоѕt 10% оf Retin – A uѕеd during pregnancy passes intо thе blood stream оf thе mother аnd reaches thе baby. Althоugh thiѕ mау ѕееm likе a small percentage, thе drug iѕ nоt recommended fоr acne treatment during pregnancy оr fоr thоѕе women thаt аrе trуing tо gеt pregnant.

o Tetracycline – studies hаvе shown thаt uѕе оf thiѕ drug during pregnancy саn result in thе inhibition оf bone growth аnd discoloration оf teeth.

Nоw thаt уоu аrе aware оf thе things thаt оnе ѕhоuld bе wary оf whеn undertaking acne treatment during pregnancy, hоw dоеѕ оnе gо аbоut finding safe treatment fоr acne? It iѕ оbviоuѕ thаt thе options аvаilаblе tо pregnant women аrе limited but hеrе аrе ѕоmе helpful tips thаt mау hеlр уоu tо cope with thе condition.

1. Trу cleaning уоur face with a gentle cleanser. If уоu wеrе uѕеd tо toning аnd exfoliating уоur skin, thеn уоu mау continue tо dо ѕо but аlwауѕ ensure thаt уоu uѕе thе gentlest оf formulas; natural оr herbal alternatives mау bе a bеttеr option.

2. An оvеr thе counter cream fоr acne treatment thаt iѕ considered safe fоr acne treatment iѕ benzoyl peroxide cream. Althоugh thе medical community agrees thаt thiѕ cream iѕ safe fоr usage during pregnancy, thеу аlѕо agree thаt it ѕhоuld nоt bе uѕеd in large amounts in fact, it ѕhоuld bе uѕеd in rеlаtivеlу small amounts. It iѕ аlѕо a good idea tо uѕе drugs thаt соntаin 2.5 percent benzoyl peroxide аѕ opposed tо thоѕе thаt соntаin 5 оr 10 percent.

3. Aѕidе frоm bеing аn essential diet requirement, сеrtаin vitamins аrе аn effective wау оf treating acne. Thеу аrе completely safe fоr treatment оf acne during pregnancy. Sоmе good examples аrе Vitamin A, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B complex, chromium аnd zinc.

Althоugh acne iѕ аn inflammation condition thаt mау bе a саuѕе оf muсh discomfort, it mау bе оf importance tо weigh thе pros аnd соnѕ оf uѕing treatment tо cure thе ailment аgаinѕt thе health оf уоur unborn child.

Sоmе women hаvе opted tо forfeit аll forms оf acne treatments during pregnancy juѕt tо safeguard thе health оf thеir babies. However, if it iѕ absolutely nесеѕѕаrу thаt уоu dо gеt treated, thеn opt fоr thе fаr milder treatments; аftеr all, thе stakes involved аrе fаr tоо high tо ignore.

Best Treatment For Pimples Recommendations

Pimples are a manifestation of an inflammatory skin disorder. Pimples and acne are common skin problems that haunt us during our lives. The factors leading to such skin nuisance may be both internal and external. While secretion of excess sebum or oil on the skin is the primary factor, environmental pollution is also equally responsible.  The main aim of any best treatment for pimples should include prevention of scarring and clearance of pimples.

Pimples are developed by the majority of teenagers and a significant number of adults. Pimples can cause anxiety and embarrassment, particularly when the face is affected. Prompt treatment of pimples often helps with overcoming their emotional and psychological effects. People with regular breakouts of pimples are more likely to experience depression.

The risk of developing pimples is increased by a diet high in dairy products and high glycemic index foods. To reduce the risk of pimples, it is recommended that people wash their faces about twice each day – not more often. Popping (bursting) pimples can make the skin infection worse.

Over-the-counter (OTC) pimple treatments often contain active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and sulfur. Prescription medication for pimples includes topical treatment, antibiotics and laser and light therapy. Breakouts of pimples can be made worse by the stress and anxiety, makeup and greasy hair.

People who are suffering from mild pimples breakouts can be treated with tropical or oral medicines. For severe form of pimples systemic therapy is mainly used. A wide assortment of systemic agents used to clear pimples includes isotretinoin, interlesional corticosteroid injection, oral contraceptives, and oral antibiotics (tetracycline and erythromycin).

Most treatments for pimples are similar to ordinary acne. Remember not every popular pimples products work well for everyone. It is always a better idea to consult your physician before you choose any pimple treatment.

In the United States, some of the most popular prescription topical antimicrobials used to treat pimples include benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, erythromycin, clindamycin, and sodium sulfacetamide. Some of the various types of prescription topical retinoids used in the treatment of pimples include tazarotene, adapalene, and tretinoin.

For people with severe breakouts of pimples, Some experts claim that laser and light therapy is this century’s alternative to traditional treatments. These technologies have been successfully applied to treating acne and other skin diseases. Many acne pimples sufferers who were disappointed with all other methods have found a solution for their problem in blue light pimple treatment.

Benefits of Blue Light Acne Treatment

Blue light acne treatment focuses on eliminating P. acnes, the bacteria that causes to acne eruptions. This bacteria pumps out some molecules called porphyrins. When these molecules are exposed to blue light, they release free radicals that kill the bacteria.

Blue light pimple treatment has several benefits in comparison to other therapies:

* It is a totally natural and has no side effects.
* It is safe to use daily and for all ages.
* Unlike other light therapies, it doesn’t contain UV light that can hurt your skin.
* It is painless and you can do it in your own home.

Natural Remedies For Pimples

Best natural remedies for pimples are a good way to get rid of it, or at least hold it at bay. Applying homemade facial masks is one of the best ways to treat pimples as they can be made at home easily and are purely natural and harmless for your skin. Some of the best and most popular natural remedies for pimples are:

1. Apple cider vinegar is a powerhouse when it comes to acting as an pimples remedy. It kills off the bacteria that may be causing all the trouble in the first place. It also becomes alkaline, and balances the pH of your skin, which in turn makes it harder for bacteria to thrive, while being an astringent, it helps to dry up excess oil. Keeping that in mind, don’t overdo and dry out your skin too much. This could cause the sebaceous glands overproduce to compensate, therefore triggering an outbreak.

Directions Wash your face with water and pat dry. Using a ratio of 1 part vinegar to 3 parts water, dip a cotton ball into vinegar and apply it directly to the pimples. Leave on for at least 10 minutes, or overnight. Reapply several times a day, washing face thoroughly after each time. Make sure to use a moisturizer afterwards as well if you feel like your skin is getting dry.

2. Honey and cinnamon make a good remedy for pimples. Cinnamon has antimicrobial properties, so it can help stop bacteria from getting out of hand, while the honey is a natural anti-biotic, to eradicate the bacteria causing pimples.

Directions Rinse your face with water and pat dry. Mix 2 tablespoons of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon together until they are thoroughly blended and have formed a sort of paste. Apply the mask to your face (or spot treat) and leave on for 10-15 minutes. Rinse off completely, and pat your face dry.

3. Yogurt soothes the irritated skin, and helps tone down the redness. The acids in it are antibacterial while the fat provides moisture, making it quite nourishing for skin.

Directions: Mix 1 tablespoon of yogurt thoroughly with 1 tablespoon of honey. You can apply the mixture with a cotton pad, but scooping it up and patting it on works just fine as well. Let each layer dry before adding a new one, until the mask is the thickness you want. Let it sit for 10-15 minutes. Wash your mask off and use a washcloth to gently scrub, to get rid of dead skin. Follow with a moisturize as usual.

4. Egg whites are an easy and affordable way to help reduce acne and fade scars left by unfortunate blemishes. The reason people have found egg whites to be helpful for their skin is because they’re chock full of proteins and vitamins that both fight pimples, and help to rebuild your skin cells. They also absorb excess oil,use a good moisturizer afterwards, as they can dry your skin out a bit.

Directions Separate the 3 egg whites from the yolks. You can use as many as you like, but normally 2 to 3 is enough. Whisk the whites until they’re frothy, and let them sit for a few minutes. Cover your face with the mixture about 3 to 4 layers, wait for each layer to dry first before applying the next. Allow the mask to sit and dry for about 20 minutes before rinsing off completely with warm water and a patting dry with a soft washcloth. Apply moisturizer appropriate for your skin type.

Best Way to Prevent Pimples

Prevention is essential when it comes to pimples. Unfortunately, because there is no cure for acne, prevention and control are the only things a person can do to control pimples breakout.

The first step, is to get on a proven pimple prevention routine . The next step is to utilize products that minimize the pimples you may already have and reduces the likelihood of future outbreaks. Those really are the two most important things a teenager can do to combat acne.

If these steps do not work, then a visit to the doctor or dermatologist may be in order. Stronger treatments like antibiotics and Accutane may be needed- only a doctor can know for sure.

Treating pimples promptly can also help overcome its emotional and psychological effects. Although pimples are not in themselves bad for overall health, living with them, especially if they are persistent and become a long-term problem can be as devastating emotionally as living with a chronic disease.

For most people though, simply following the cleanse-treat-protect routine combined with using best treatments for pimples will be effective in minimizing them.

There sure is a lot of confusion out there regarding prevention of pimples. Some people say to scrub your face all day, eat the right foods, avoid sweat, exercise, and on and on. Unfortunately, these have nothing to do with the prevention of pimples.

Prevention of pimples is best accomplished by following a skin care routine that incorporates three basic steps. In one form or another, the skin must be cleansed, treated, and protected. As long as these steps are followed, a person’s acne should improve.

Prevention of Pimples Step 1: Cleansing

Due to what we know about how acne is formed, it is pretty clear that it makes sense to gently cleanse your skin on a regular basis. This doesn’t mean scrubbing a way at your face 5 times a day. It means using a good cleansing product to gently wash away dead skin cells and impurities. Also, it doesn’t hurt if your cleanser contains proven acne fighters like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.

Prevention of Pimples Step 2: Treatment

For optimum acne prevention, the skin must be treated with something that minimizes bacteria (like benzoyl peroxide) or slows down the shedding of skin cells (like salicylic acid). There are many fine manufacturers of these products who will provide guidelines as to how long these products should remain on the face and how often they should be used.

Prevention of Pimples Step Three: Protection

The last step in prevention of pimples is protection. By protection, we mean that the face should be properly moisturized and protected from the sun’s damaging rays. There are a great number of quality moisturizers available that contain sunscreens in them. Another thing to keep in mind, many pimple treatments tend to dry out the skin a bit making moisturizers extra important.
There you have it, a simple 3 step plan for prevention of pimples.

Tips for Successful Treatment for Pimples

Skin reacts slowly to treatment. Even if the pimples came on fast, it still requires time to heal. That usually takes between 6 and 12 weeks, says Barbara R. Reed, MD, a dermatology professor at the University of Colorado Hospital in Denver.

One of the mistakes people do is that they start trying different products, abandoning them very quickly if they do not see results in a day or two. They also add one product to another. Sometimes the products can cause irritation of the skin and add further insult to the patient.

When someone self-treats their acne, they may accidentally distress their skin. This can make the acne lesions bigger, more likely to pigment, and heal with spots and scars, instead, gently wash with a non-irritating, pH-balanced cleanser to lessen inflammation. It’s also important to thoroughly rinse off the cleanser, because the residue can be irritating.

The main aim of any best treatment for pimples should include prevention of scarring, clearance of acne, and morbidity minimization. Pimple sufferers must be advised to cleanse their skin gently using a non-comedogenic moisturizer. It is also advisable not to use harsh skin products and avoid picking and rubbing the skin. Consuming more amount of water can also help skin stay healthy.

Acne Cysts And Their Treatment


Deep cysts, inflammation, extensive damage to the skin and scarring characterize severe acne. It often requires an aggressive treatment regimen and should be treated by a dermatologist. Severe forms of acne can require years of treatment and may experience one or more treatment failures. However, almost every case of acne can be successfully treated. There are five popular treatments for acne cysts. There are many effective treatments that are available currently. Drainage and surgical excision, inner lesion corticosteroid injection, isotretinoin (a potent drug for treating severe cystic acne), oral antibiotics, and oral contraceptives are the most popular treatments. Some people may choose a more natural treatment for severe acne, which will also be covered briefly in this article.

Drainage and extraction, or acne surgery as it is also called, should not be performed by patients and is used on some large cysts that do not respond to medication and require drainage and extraction. Dermatologists are trained in the proper technique and perform acne surgery under sterile conditions. Patient attempts to drain and extract acne cysts, by squeezing or picking, can lead to infection, worsening of the acne and scarring. When an acne cyst becomes severely inflamed, there is a good chance it will rupture and scarring will occur. To treat these severely inflamed cysts and prevent scarring, dermatologists may inject such cysts with a diluted corticosteroid. This lessens the inflammation and promotes healing of the acne cyst. An inner lesion corticosteroid injection works by melting the cyst over the course of a few days.

Isotretinoin is the most effective treatment known today for severe acne and acne that is resistant to other medications and treatments. Isotretinoin is a form of vitamin A, a synthetic creation, which comes in a pill form. It is administered once or twice a day for anywhere from sixteen to twenty weeks total. There are many possible side effects that may occur while undergoing this therapy. Possible side effects include severe pain in the chest or abdomen, trouble swallowing or painful swallowing, severe headache, blurred vision or dizziness, bone and joint pain, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea or rectal bleeding, depression, dryness of the skin, eyes and nose, and thinning hair. While taking isotretinoin patients are monitored closely by their healthcare provider through follow up appointments.

Oral antibiotics have been a basis of therapy for severe acne for many years. Like topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics work to reduce the “P. acnes”. “P. Acnes” are normal residents on the skin, which decreases inflammation. Treatment with oral antibiotics usually begins with a high dosage, which is eventually reduced as the acne resolves. Over time, the “P. acnes” bacteria can become resistant to the treatment. When resistance occurs, another antibiotic can be prescribed or other treatment options may need to be explored.

Oral contraceptives have been shown to effectively clear acne in women by suppressing the overactive sebaceous glands. Oral contraceptives can be used as long-term acne therapy; however, this medication should not be prescribed to women who smoke, have a blood clotting disorder, are older than thirty-five or have a history of migraine headaches, without the advice of a gynecologist. Spironolactone, a synthetic steroid, may be used in combination with oral contraceptives to treat acne in adult females. Spironolactone inhibits androgen, hormones that stimulate oil glands in addition to other effects on the body, production. There are possible side effects that may accompany Spironolactone treatment. A few side affects include irregular menstruation, breast tenderness, headache and fatigue.

Some people choose more natural ways to combat cystic acne. Some natural treatments are eating a whole foods diet that consists of only natural foods that have not been chemically or mechanically processed. Yoga or deep relaxation techniques may be used to reduce the amount of stress that is put on the body and the mind. Essential oils are another natural treatment that may be added to the diet of sufferers of severe acne. These are just a few of the natural methods of treatment for cystic acne. No matter what method of treatment you decide to try you should always consult a professional, whether it is your dermatologist or an herbalist. Your doctor should be able to refer you to a board certified dermatologist if needed.

Herbal, Homeopathic and Non-traditional Acne Remedies

 

 

In general, over-the-counter acne treatments and traditional prescription medications have proven effective in the reduction and virtual elimination of acne, there are other less traditional ways to approach the treatment of acne. When delving into non-traditional medicine most are dealing with approaches such as acupuncture, herbal medicines, homeopathic medicine, mind/body medicine, Ayurveda and Kampo as well as dietary and nutritional considerations. The following takes a look at each of these areas as they relate to acne.

Acupuncture: The use of acupuncture in the treatment of acne has not been scientifically evaluated but there have been reports that two acupuncture procedures have reduced the symptoms of acne: auricular acupuncture (acupuncture applied to the ear) and electro-acupuncture (acupuncture using a mild electrical current).

Herbal medicine: Some herbs are known to have anti-inflammatory properties and, for that reason, they may be helpful in the treatment of acne (as well as other skin conditions):

Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
German chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
Licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) and flaxseed oil
Tea Tree Oil

The herbs that help reduce acne inflammation do so by reducing the amount of the P.acnes bacteria produced by the body as a reaction to clogged pores. Tea Tree oil has been favorably compared to benzoyl peroxide in the reduction of P.acnes and is said to have fewer side effects (stinging, itchiness and dry skin).

Homeopathic remedies: Homeopathic professionals evaluate the individual (their physical, emotional and intellectual makeup) before prescribing a treatment and then tailor the treatment to the individual. While homeopathy has not had the benefit of many scientific studies, professional homeopaths have found that certain homeopathic treatments reduce certain symptoms of acne:

Belladonna works best for people who are experiencing “hot” areas on their face or those who have pus-filled acne blemishes.

Calendula is used to treat pus-filled blemishes or blisters.
Hepar sulphur is useful for pus-filled blemishes that are painful.
Kali bromatum is used for deep acne blemishes, especially those on the forehead.
Silicea is used for deep, pus-filled acne blemishes.

Mind and body medicine: Mind and body approaches to the problem of acne are primarily through the practices of biofeedback, cognitive imagery and hypnotherapy.

Biofeedback and Cognitive Imagery: Biofeedback and cognitive imagery are relaxation therapies used because emotional stress can have an aggravating effect on acne. Biofeedback techniques train the individual to control some internal processes such as heart rate and muscle tension. Cognitive imagery (also called guided imagery) involves the use of mental pictures to relax and evoke helpful physical and emotional conditions. Together, when used properly by a person who has mastered the techniques, these methods have been shown to lessen the severity of acne breakouts.

Hypnosis: Hypnosis works pretty much the same way that biofeedback and cognitive imagery work, by relaxing the patient. The obvious difference is, of course, in the case of hypnosis, a professional practitioner is controlling the process.

Ayurveda: Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine originated in India. Ayurveda focuses primarily on diet and lifestyle. Each person, as we all know, is unique and Ayurveda treatments recognize this by tailoring recommendations to the individual.

The practitioner of Ayurveda observes the individual and applies knowledge he or she has learned through ancient texts that document the ‘energetic forces’ (called Tridoshas) that influence everything in nature — including, of course, humans. Ayurvedistic remedies tend to be herbal; for example, the one Ayurvedic preparation that has proven best for acne relief, a preparation called “Sunder Vati” is an herbal remedy that consists of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Holarrhena antidysenterica and Embelia ribes.

Kampo: Kampo is a Japanese version of traditional, ancient Chinese medicine. A Kampo treatment for acne, the treatment called: Keigai-rengyo-to (TJ-50), has proven effective in some cases. TJ-50 consists of seventeen herbs that have combined anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. Among there herbs are: Skullcap root (Scutellaria lateriflora), Licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Mint (Mentha arvensis), Angelica root (Angelica archangelica), Peony root (Paeonia lactiflora).

Nutrition and Dietary Supplements: It has been pretty well proven that, at least as a general proposition, diet has no effect on acne but there are certain foods that effect certain people in certain ways. There are many reports from individual acne sufferers that certain drinks or foods (it seems that nuts are particularly suspect) make their acne worse. All that can be said about this is pay attention to what you eat and how it affects you over the next few days.

Acne Scarring – Types, Causes, Prevention and Treatments


Main causes of acne scarring.

A detailed and comprehensive discussion of acne scars starts with causes of scarring, prevention of scarring, types of scars, and treatments for scars.

Before talking about scars, a word about spots that may look like scars but are not scars in the sense that a permanent change has occurred. Even though they are not true scars and disappear in time, they are visible and can cause embarrassment.

Macules or “pseudo-scars” are flat, red or reddish spots that are the final stage of most inflamed acne lesions. After an inflamed acne lesion flattens, a macule may remain to “mark the spot” for up to 6 months. When the macule eventually disappears, no trace of it will remain—unlike a scar.

Post-inflammatory pigmentation is discoloration of the skin at the site of a healed or healing inflamed acne lesion. It occurs more frequently in darker-skinned people, but occasionally is seen in people with white skin. Early treatment by a dermatologist may minimize the development of post-inflammatory pigmentation. Some post-inflammatory pigmentation may persist for up to 18 months, especially with excessive sun exposure. Chemical peeling may hasten the disappearance of post-inflammatory pigmentation.

Causes of Acne Scars
In the simplest terms, scars form at the site of an injury to tissue. They are the visible reminders of injury and tissue repair. In the case of acne, the injury is caused by the body’s inflammatory response to sebum, bacteria and dead cells in the plugged sebaceous follicle. Two types of true scars exist, as discussed later: (1) depressed areas such as ice-pick scars, and (2) raised thickened tissue such as keloids.

When tissue suffers an injury, the body rushes its repair kit to the injury site. Among the elements of the repair kit are white blood cells and an array of inflammatory molecules that have the task of repairing tissue and fighting infection. However, when their job is done they may leave a somewhat messy repair site in the form of fibrous scar tissue, or eroded tissue.

White blood cells and inflammatory molecules may remain at the site of an active acne lesion for days or even weeks. In people who are susceptible to scarring, the result may be an acne scar. The occurrence and incidence of scarring is still not well understood, however. There is considerable variation in scarring between one person and another, indicating that some people are more prone to scarring than others. Scarring frequently results from severe inflammatory nodulocystic acne that occurs deep in the skin. But, scarring also may arise from more superficial inflamed lesions. Nodulocystic acne that is most likely to result in scars is seen in these photos:

The life history of scars also is not well understood. Some people bear their acne scars for a lifetime with little change in the scars, but in other people the skin undergoes some degree of remodeling and acne scars diminish in size.

People also have differing feelings about acne scars. Scars of more or less the same size that may be psychologically distressing to one person may be accepted by another person as “not too bad.” The person who is distressed by scars is more likely to seek treatment to moderate or remove the scars.

Prevention of Acne Scars
As discussed in the previous section on Causes of Acne Scars, the occurrence of scarring is different in different people. It is difficult to predict who will scar, how extensive or deep scars will be, and how long scars will persist. It is also difficult to predict how successfully scars can be prevented by effective acne treatment.

Nevertheless, the only sure method of preventing or limiting the extent of scars is to treat acne early in its course, and as long as necessary. The more that inflammation can be prevented or moderated, the more likely it is that scars can be prevented. Any person with acne who has a known tendency to scar should be under the care of a dermatologist.

Types of Acne Scars
There are two general types of acne scars, defined by tissue response to inflammation: (1) scars caused by increased tissue formation, and (2) scars caused by loss of tissue.

Scars Caused by Increased Tissue Formation
The scars caused by increased tissue formation are called keloids or hypertrophic scars. The word hypertrophy means “enlargement” or “overgrowth.” Both hypertrophic and keloid scars are associated with excessive amounts of the cell substance collagen. Overproduction of collagen is a response of skin cells to injury. The excess collagen becomes piled up in fibrous masses, resulting in a characteristic firm, smooth, usually irregularly-shaped scar. The photo shows a typical severe acne keloid:

The typical keloid or hypertrophic scar is 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter, but some may be 1 centimeter or larger. Keloid scars tend to “run in families”—that is, abnormal growth of scar tissue is more likely to occur in susceptible people, who often are people with relatives who have similar types of scars.

Hypertrophic and keloid scars persist for years, but may diminish in size over time.

Scars Caused by Loss of Tissue
Acne scars associated with loss of tissue—similar to scars that result from chicken pox—are more common than keloids and hypertrophic scars. Scars associated with loss of tissue are:

Ice-pick scars usually occur on the cheek. They are usually small, with a somewhat jagged edge and steep sides—like wounds from an ice pick. Ice-pick scars may be shallow or deep, and may be hard or soft to the touch. Soft scars can be improved by stretching the skin; hard ice-pick scars cannot be stretched out.

Depressed fibrotic scars are usually quite large, with sharp edges and steep sides. The base of these scars is firm to the touch. Ice-pick scars may evolve into depressed fibrotic scars over time.

Soft scars, superficial or deep are soft to the touch. They have gently sloping rolled edges that merge with normal skin. They are usually small, and either circular or linear in shape.

Atrophic macules are usually fairly small when they occur on the face, but may be a centimeter or larger on the body. They are soft, often with a slightly wrinkled base, and may be bluish in appearance due to blood vessels lying just under the scar. Over time, these scars change from bluish to ivory white in color in white-skinned people, and become much less obvious.

Follicular macular atrophy is more likely to occur on the chest or back of a person with acne. These are small, white, soft lesions, often barely raised above the surface of the skin—somewhat like whiteheads that didn’t fully develop. This condition is sometimes also called “perifollicular elastolysis.” The lesions may persist for months to years.

Treatments for Acne Scars
A number of treatments are available for acne scars through dermatologic surgery. The type of treatment selected should be the one that is best for you in terms of your type of skin, the cost, what you want the treatment to accomplish, and the possibility that some types of treatment may result in more scarring if you are very susceptible to scar formation.

A decision to seek dermatologic surgical treatment for acne scars also depends on:

* The way you feel about scars. Do acne scars psychologically or emotionally affect your life? Are you willing to “live with your scars” and wait for them to fade over time? These are personal decisions only you can make.

* The severity of your scars. Is scarring substantially disfiguring, even by objective assessment?

* A dermatologist’s expert opinion as to whether scar treatment is justified in your particular case, and what scar treatment will be most effective for you.

Before committing to treatment of acne scars, you should have a frank discussion with your dermatologist regarding those questions, and any others you feel are important. You need to tell the dermatologist how you feel about your scars. The dermatologist needs to conduct a full examination and determine whether treatment can, or should, be undertaken.

The objective of scar treatment is to give the skin a more acceptable physical appearance. Total restoration of the skin, to the way it looked before you had acne, is often not possible, but scar treatment does usually improve the appearance of your skin.

The scar treatments that are currently available include:

Collagen injection. Collagen, a normal substance of the body, is injected under the skin to “stretch” and “fill out” certain types of superficial and deep soft scars. Collagen treatment usually does not work as well for ice-pick scars and keloids. Collagen derived from cows or other non-human sources cannot be used in people with autoimmune diseases. Human collagen or fascia is helpful for those allergic to cow-derived collagen. Cosmetic benefit from collagen injection usually lasts 3 to 6 months. Additional collagen injections to maintain the cosmetic benefit are done at additional cost.

Autologous fat transfer. Fat is taken from another site on your own body and prepared for injection into your skin. The fat is injected beneath the surface of the skin to elevate depressed scars. This method of autologous (from your own body) fat transfer is usually used to correct deep contour defects caused by scarring from nodulocystic acne. Because the fat is reabsorbed into the skin over a period of 6 to 18 months, the procedure usually must be repeated. Longer lasting results may be achieved with multiple fat-transfer procedures.

Dermabrasion. This is thought to be the most effective treatment for acne scars. Under local anesthetic, a high-speed brush used to remove surface skin and alter the contour of scars. Superficial scars may be removed altogether, and deeper scars may be reduced in depth. Dermabrasion does not work for all kinds of scars; for example, it may make ice-pick scars more noticeable if the scars are wider under the skin than at the surface. In darker-skinned people, dermabrasion may cause changes in pigmentation that require additional treatment.

Microdermabrasion. This new technique is a surface form of dermabrasion. Rather than a high-speed brush, microdermabrasion uses aluminum oxide crystals passing through a vacuum tube to remove surface skin. Only the very surface cells of the skin are removed, so no additional wound is created. Multiple procedures are often required but scars may not be significantly improved.

Laser Treatment. Lasers of various wavelength and intensity may be used to recontour scar tissue and reduce the redness of skin around healed acne lesions. The type of laser used is determined by the results that the laser treatment aims to accomplish. Tissue may actually be removed with more powerful instruments such as the carbon dioxide laser. In some cases, a single treatment is all that will be necessary to achieve permanent results. Because the skin absorbs powerful bursts of energy from the laser, there may be post-treatment redness for several months.

Skin Surgery. Some ice-pick scars may be removed by “punch” excision of each individual scar. In this procedure each scar is excised down to the layer of subcutaneous fat; the resulting hole in the skin may be repaired with sutures or with a small skin graft. Subcision is a technique in which a surgical probe is used to lift the scar tissue away from unscarred skin, thus elevating a depressed scar.

Skin grafting may be necessary under certain conditions—for example, sometimes dermabrasion uncovers massive and extensive tunnels (also called sinus tracts) caused by inflammatory reaction to sebum and bacteria in sebaceous follicles. Skin grafting may be needed to close the defect of the unroofed sinus tracts.

Treatment of keloids. Surgical removal is seldom if ever used to treat keloids. A person whose skin has a tendency to form keloids from acne damage may also form keloids in response to skin surgery. Sometimes keloids are treated by injecting steroid drugs into the skin around the keloid. Topical retinoic acid may be applied directly on the keloid. In some cases the best treatment for keloids in a highly susceptible person is no treatment at all.

In summary, acne scars are caused by the body’s inflammatory response to acne lesions. The best way to prevent scars is to treat acne early, and as long as necessary. If scars form, a number of effective treatments are available. Dermatologic surgery treatments should be discussed with a dermatologist.